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Measures for the Administration of Marine Observation Sites

Issuer: National Natural Resources Administration

Release time: August 13, 2019

Specification category:

Whether to abolish: No

new standard:

Old standard:

海洋观测站点管理办法 Measures for the Administration of Named Ocean Observation Sites

发布机构 业务类型 废止记录 Document type issuer business type revocation record

  海洋管理 Department of Marine Resources Management

效力级别 一一 时效状态 Posting time effectiveness level comes from source aging status

部门规章 Department Regulations of August 13, 2019 Effective


(Decree No. 73 of the Ministry of Land and Resources on June 7, 2017 announced the amendment in accordance with the `` Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources on the First Abolition and Modification of Departmental Regulations '' at the 2nd Ministerial Meeting of the Ministry of Natural Resources on July 16, 2019)

Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1 These measures are formulated in accordance with the "Regulations on the Management of Marine Observations and Forecasts" in order to strengthen the management of marine observation sites, protect marine observation facilities and the observation environment, and serve economic construction, national defense construction, and social development.

Article 2. These Measures shall apply to the establishment, adjustment and protection of marine observing stations in the territory of the People's Republic of China and other sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China.

The marine observing stations referred to in these measures include marine observing stations, measuring points, buoys, submersibles, radar stations, offshore observing platforms, and subsea observing stations.

Article 3 Ocean observing stations are divided into basic ocean observing stations and other units or individual ocean observing stations.

Basic ocean observing stations refer to the ocean observing stations uniformly established by the competent department of natural resources of the State Council or the natural resources authorities of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities according to the ocean observing network plan, including national basic ocean observing stations and local basic ocean observing stations.

Article 4 The competent department of natural resources of the State Council is responsible for the management of national ocean observation sites.

The sea area dispatch agency of the State Council ’s natural resource authority (hereinafter referred to as the sea area dispatch agency) is responsible for the management of marine observation sites in the area under its jurisdiction in accordance with the authority prescribed by the State Council ’s natural resource authority.

Coastal provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in charge of natural resources are responsible for the administration of local basic ocean observation sites and other units or individual ocean observation sites in the coastal waters of their respective administrative regions.

Article 5 The establishment and adjustment of marine observing stations shall conform to the planning of marine observing networks and the relevant national standards and technical requirements.

The adjustment of ocean observing stations includes the relocation and revocation of ocean observing stations, as well as changes in observation elements and scale.

Article 6 The establishment of a national basic ocean observing station shall be set up by a sea area agency in accordance with the national ocean observing network plan, and organize experts to conduct demonstrations in accordance with relevant national standards.

Article 7 Anyone who meets one of the following conditions may apply for relocation of a national basic ocean observation site:

(1) The national key project construction really needs to be occupied according to law;

(2) The marine observation environment has been severely damaged, the possibility of governance and restoration has been lost, or the representativeness, accuracy and continuity of marine observation data cannot be ensured;

(3) Failure to carry out marine observation operations normally due to factors such as natural disasters;

(4) Needed for the development of marine observation services;

(5) Other circumstances stipulated by the competent department of natural resources of the State Council.

Article 8 If it is necessary to relocate a national basic marine observing station due to the provisions of Article 7, paragraph 1, of these measures, the provincial, autonomous region, or municipality natural resources department in charge of the site shall submit an application for relocation to a sea area agency. The application materials should include:

(1) Application form;

(2) Approval documents for national key projects;

(3) Relocation project plan.

The dispatched agencies in the sea area shall conduct a preliminary check within 20 working days after receiving the application materials. For those that meet the requirements, organize the relocation site selection work and submit a relocation site selection report to the State Council's natural resources department.

If it is necessary to relocate a national basic ocean observing station due to the second, third, fourth, or fifth item of Article 7 of these Measures, the sea area dispatch organization shall organize the relocation site selection work, and submit the relocation site selection report to the State Council's natural resources department.

Article 9 The competent department of natural resources under the State Council shall, within 20 working days, organize experts to conduct a technical review and on-site verification and make a decision after receiving the application materials for relocation of the station. If the following conditions are met, the competent department of natural resources of the State Council shall agree to relocate the station and make an announcement within ten working days:

(1) in accordance with Article 7 of these Measures;

(2) It conforms to the plan of the National Ocean Observing Network;

(3) The site selection of the new station is reasonable;

(4) The relocation project plan is feasible.

Article 10 After the application for the relocation of a national basic marine observing station is approved by the State Council ’s natural resources authority, the dispatched agency in the sea area shall organize the completion of the construction of the new station within the prescribed time in accordance with the relocation project plan.

If it is necessary to relocate a national basic marine observing station due to the provisions of Article 7, paragraph 1, of these measures, the cost of the natural resources of the province, autonomous region, or municipality where the site is located shall be applied to the people ’s government at the same level or shall be borne by the national key project construction unit .

Article 11 After the relocated national basic ocean observing station is completed, the sea area dispatch organization will organize acceptance. If the following conditions are met, the sea area dispatch agency shall check and accept:

(1) the construction task has been completed;

(2) The construction content and building layout are consistent with the application materials;

(3) The observation site meets relevant standards and requirements;

(4) The observation facilities are able to operate normally and have obtained verification or calibration certificates;

(5) Supporting projects and auxiliary projects can meet business needs.

Article 12 After the relocated national basic ocean observing station is completed, it shall conduct a comparative observation with the old station for at least one year. If the old station is unable to carry out normal operations due to severe natural disasters, a temporary observation station may be set up at the original site for one month of comparative observation.

After the new station and the old station are compared and observed to achieve effective connection of observation data, the sea area agency will submit an application to the State Council's competent department of natural resources, and with the consent of the State Council's competent department of natural resources, the new station will be officially opened.

Before the new station is officially opened, the old station and the observation environment and facilities should be strictly protected. After the new station is officially opened, the purpose of the old station can be changed.

Article 13 Anyone who meets one of the following conditions may apply for the cancellation of a national basic ocean observatory:

(1) The marine observation environment has been unable to ensure the representativeness, accuracy, and continuity of marine observation data, and the value of marine observation services has been lost and cannot be restored;

(2) Due to natural disasters and other factors, the current site no longer meets the conditions for establishment, and there is no need to choose another new site for reconstruction.

Article 14 The cancellation of a national basic ocean observing station shall be submitted by the agency in the sea area to the department of natural resources in charge of the State Council, and a report on the cancellation shall be submitted.

After receiving the application for cancellation, the competent department of natural resources of the State Council shall organize experts to conduct a technical review and field inspection within 20 working days, and make a decision. In accordance with the provisions of Article 13 of these Measures, the competent department of natural resources under the State Council shall agree to cancel and announce it within ten working days.

Article 15 Where other units or individuals establish or relocate marine observation sites or change observation elements and scales in the coastal waters, they shall report to the competent department of natural resources of the province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the central government, and the competent department of natural resources of the province, autonomous region, or municipality Report to the sea area dispatch agency for the record.

Other units or individuals who establish or relocate marine observation sites or change observation elements and scale outside the coastal waters shall report to the sea area dispatch agency, and the sea area dispatch agency shall report to the State Council's natural resources department for the record.

Article 16 Other units or individuals who set up or relocate marine observing stations or change observation elements and scale shall submit filing reports within 30 days after completing the establishment, relocation, or alteration. The filing report includes the content, scale, time limit, and technical requirements for the establishment and relocation of marine observation sites or changes.

Article 17 The following activities are prohibited within the scope of marine observation and environmental protection delineated according to law:

(1) Construction of obstacles such as houses, fences and dams;

(2) Set the underwater acoustic interference source that affects the function of the submersible and the strong electromagnetic interference source that affects the radar station.

Article 18 For new construction, reconstruction, and expansion of construction projects within the scope of marine observation and environmental protection, the construction unit shall solicit the opinions of the natural resource department in charge of the establishment and adjustment of the marine observation site, and take measures in accordance with the law to prevent Its facilities and observation environment cause harm.

Article 19 Coastal county-level or higher natural resource authorities and sea-area dispatched agencies shall strengthen supervision and inspection of the establishment, adjustment, and protection of marine observing stations.

Article 20 Coastal county-level or higher natural resource authorities and sea-area dispatched agencies shall establish a marine observation site management information platform, carry out the establishment, adjustment, protection, and inspection of the marine observation site application management system, and establish and improve a dynamic update mechanism for relevant data databases. Included in the unified management of marine integrated information supervision platform.

Article 21 Whoever engages in prohibited activities within the scope of marine observation and environmental protection in violation of Article 17 of these Measures shall be punished in accordance with Article 32 of the Regulations on the Administration of Marine Observation and Forecast.

Article 22 Coastal county-level or higher natural resource authorities, sea-area dispatched agencies, and their staff who violate one of these measures and commit one of the following acts shall be punished according to law:

(1) Violating Articles 7 and 9 of these Measures and agreeing to relocate a national basic ocean observation site;

(2) In violation of the provisions of Articles 11 and 12 of these Measures, the national basic marine observing station that has been agreed to be relocated has passed the inspection and operation;

(3) In violation of Article 13 of these Measures, agreeing to cancel the national basic ocean observatory.

Article 23 The establishment and adjustment of local basic ocean observing stations shall conform to the plan of the national ocean observing network and the local ocean observing network, and avoid duplicate construction with national basic ocean observing stations. The specific measures shall be formulated by the competent departments of natural resources of the coastal provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government with reference to the provisions of these Measures.

Article 24 These Measures shall be implemented as of the date of promulgation.